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Parental Involvement

General Statistics

  • Crashes are preventable. Teens who say their parents set rules and pay attention to their activities in a helpful, supportive way are half as likely to crash.1
  • Parents need to provide teens with at least 50 hours of supervised practice under a wide variety of conditions before letting their teen drive on their own.2
  • A teen with easy access to the keys is more than twice as likely to crash as one who shares a car.3
  • Parenting style matters, according to teens, and it may save lives by lowering crash risk. 1  
  • Teen drivers with involved parents are twice as likely to wear seat belts.1
  • The majority of teens (87 percent) report having a parent involved in the learning-to-drive process, with 4 in 10 only being taught by their parents.   
  • Teens living in rural areas were more likely than those living in suburban or central city locations to have only their parents as driving teachers.4
  • Teens who say their parents set rules and monitor their driving in a helpful, supportive way (known as authoritative parenting style) are more likely than teens with less involved parents to have been taught to drive by both parents and to have been taught by a driver education instructor. This finding suggests familes with an authoritative parenting style may be more likely to control the quality of their teens' supervised driving.4
  • Teen drivers who view themselves as “thrill-seekers,” perceive their parents as not setting rules or monitoring their whereabouts, and have a weak perception of driving risks are more likely to drive with multiple passengers than those teens who do not as strongly share these characteristics. 5


  1. Ginsburg KR, et al. Associations Between Parenting Style and Adolescent Driving Safety-related Behaviors and Attitudes. Pediatrics. October 2009.
  2. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Research Agenda for an Improved Novice Driver Education Program: Report to Congress. Washington, DC. US Department of Transportation publication HS 808-161. 1994.
  3. García-España F, et al. Primary Versus Shared Access to Vehicles and Its Association With Risky Teen Driving Behavior and Crashes: A National Perspective. Pediatrics. October 2009.
  4. Ginsburg KR, et al. Parents Teaching Teens to Drive: The Adolescent Perspective. Research Brief published by The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and State Farm Insurance Companies online at September 27, 2011.
  5. Mirman JH, Albert D, Jacobsohn LS, and Winston FK. Factors Associated with Adolescents' Propensity to Drive with Multiple Passengers and to Engage in Risky Driving Behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health. January 24, 2012 (online).
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