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  • U.S. high school students who reside in states with a primary enforcement seat belt law are 12 percent more likely to wear a seat belt as a driver and 15 percent more likely to buckle up as a passenger than those living in states with a secondary enforcement seat belt law.
  • As teens move through the stages of Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL), they are more likely to stay buckled up in primary enforcement states than in secondary enforcement states.
  • Primary seat belt laws should be part of any state's strategy to reduce teen crash deaths. In states with significant resistance to enacting a primary enforcement seat belt law, include it as a  provision in their GDL program.

: Garcia-Espana F, Durbin DR, and Winston FK. Safety Belt Laws and Disparities in Safety Belt Use Among U.S. High School Drivers. American Journal of Public Health. 2012 Jun; 102(6):1128-1134.

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