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• One in five females and one in four males driving with peers were distracted by something inside the vehicle just before crashing. As compared to females driving alone, those with passengers were four times as likely to be distracted prior to the crash.

•  Compared to males driving alone, males with peer passengers were almost six times more likely to perform an illegal maneuver (data not shown in graph) and twice as likely to act aggressively. However, females rarely drove aggressively before crashing, whether with or without peer passengers.

• To further reduce crash risk, promising strategies include programs that encourage parents to enforce Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) provisions limiting the number of friends their teens may drive for the first several months after licensure, as well as those that promote safe passenger behavior.

Sources: Curry AE, Mirman JH, Kallan MJ, Winston FK, and Durbin DR. Peer Passengers: How Do They  Increase Crash Risk? Journal of Adolescent Health, 2012:50(6);588-594; National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Vehicle Crash Causation Survey: Report to Congress, 2008.

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