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Additional Challenges
challenging driving situation

More Challenging Driving Situations

Practice these additional challenging driving situations when the learner has shown competence in completing the goals in the six environments during the day and is ready to learn about and practice them in more challenging driving conditions, such as in inclement weather or at night.

Goal:
Know how to be ready for the unexpected

Activity:
Discuss hypothetical emergencies and what the appropriate steps would be in each situation. The new driver should know what to do if lost on the road, the car breaks down or in an accident.

Common Errors:

  • Lack of awareness
  • Thinking it will never happen

Signs Learner Gets It:

  • Knows how to deal with the most typical emergencies: flat tire, car failure, accident, or getting lost
  • Keeps calm under pressure
Practice Guide Video
What To Do In Emergencies

What to Do in Emergencies

Goal:
Know how to be ready for the unexpected

Activity:
Discuss hypothetical emergencies and what the appropriate steps would be in each situation. The new driver should know what to do if lost on the road, the car breaks down or in an accident.

Common Errors:

  • Lack of awareness
  • Thinking it will never happen

Signs Learner Gets It:

  • Knows how to deal with the most typical emergencies: flat tire, car failure, accident, or getting lost
  • Keeps calm under pressure

Goal:
Know how to manage distractions while driving

Activity:
Ask the new driver to describe distractions and how to minimize them while driving. Be sure that this activity doesn’t become a distraction itself, or practice it outside of the car. Remember that distractions can be inside or outside of the car.

Common Error:

  • Driver may identify distractions but have trouble eliminating them while driving

Sign Learner Gets It:

  • Identifies distractions and actively minimizes them while driving
Practice Guide Video
Managing Distractions

Managing Distractions

Goal:
Know how to manage distractions while driving

Activity:
Ask the new driver to describe distractions and how to minimize them while driving. Be sure that this activity doesn’t become a distraction itself, or practice it outside of the car. Remember that distractions can be inside or outside of the car.

Common Error:

  • Driver may identify distractions but have trouble eliminating them while driving

Sign Learner Gets It:

  • Identifies distractions and actively minimizes them while driving

Goal:
Know the risks in each driving environment

Activity:
Discuss with the new driver the most common hazards in each of the environments. Remind the new driver to always be prepared for unexpected risks.

Common Errors:

  • Lack of knowledge of the expected risks in each environment
  • Not knowing how to react to risks by adjusting speed and space cushion

Sign Learner Gets It:

  • Identifies and looks for all the typical risks in every environment and keeps eye out for others
Practice Guide Video
Potential Hazards In Each Environment

Potential Hazards in Each Environment

Goal:
Know the risks in each driving environment

Activity:
Discuss with the new driver the most common hazards in each of the environments. Remind the new driver to always be prepared for unexpected risks.

Common Errors:

  • Lack of knowledge of the expected risks in each environment
  • Not knowing how to react to risks by adjusting speed and space cushion

Sign Learner Gets It:

  • Identifies and looks for all the typical risks in every environment and keeps eye out for others

Goal:
Know how to adjust driving to bad weather conditions

Activity:
Visibility and traction are greatly reduced in inclement weather, so practice driving more slowly and leave extra space. Make sure the new driver knows that it is okay to seek alternate routes if feeling unsafe, or avoid driving altogether when the weather gets bad.

Common Error:

  • May drive too fast for weather conditions

Sign Learner Gets It:

  • Prepares the car before driving according to the conditions
Practice Guide Video
Driving In Inclement Weather

Driving in Inclement Weather

Goal:
Know how to adjust driving to bad weather conditions

Activity:
Visibility and traction are greatly reduced in inclement weather, so practice driving more slowly and leave extra space. Make sure the new driver knows that it is okay to seek alternate routes if feeling unsafe, or avoid driving altogether when the weather gets bad.

Common Error:

  • May drive too fast for weather conditions

Sign Learner Gets It:

  • Prepares the car before driving according to the conditions

Goal:
Know how to navigate a route

Activity:
Go over some examples of traffic obstructions and ask how the new driver would react. The new driver should watch out for cues that may indicate disruptions in traffic, including brake lights, emergency lights, merge signs, lane closure signs, or detour signs.

Common Errors:

  • May not realize the need to decrease speed at the appropriate time
  • May not realize the need to merge or may try to race ahead of other cars

Signs Learner Gets It:

  • Identifies changes in traffic and adjusts accordingly
  • Is aware of how other drivers react to traffic disruptions
Practice Guide Video
Planning Routes & Following Directions

Planning Routes & Following Directions

Goal:
Know how to navigate a route

Activity:
Go over some examples of traffic obstructions and ask how the new driver would react. The new driver should watch out for cues that may indicate disruptions in traffic, including brake lights, emergency lights, merge signs, lane closure signs, or detour signs.

Common Errors:

  • May not realize the need to decrease speed at the appropriate time
  • May not realize the need to merge or may try to race ahead of other cars

Signs Learner Gets It:

  • Identifies changes in traffic and adjusts accordingly
  • Is aware of how other drivers react to traffic disruptions

Goal:
Know how to adjust driving to dark conditions

Activity:
Practice driving at night. New drivers may be surprised at how much visibility is reduced, especially when roads are wet. New drivers need to know when to turn on the headlights and when it is appropriate to use high beams.

Common Errors:

  • May drive too fast for the conditions
  • Has trouble identifying lane markings

Signs Learner Gets It:

  • Drives at the appropriate speed for the road conditions
  • Uses high beams appropriately
  • Drives with correct lane placement at night
Practice Guide Video
Driving At Night

Driving at Night

Goal:
Know how to adjust driving to dark conditions

Activity:
Practice driving at night. New drivers may be surprised at how much visibility is reduced, especially when roads are wet. New drivers need to know when to turn on the headlights and when it is appropriate to use high beams.

Common Errors:

  • May drive too fast for the conditions
  • Has trouble identifying lane markings

Signs Learner Gets It:

  • Drives at the appropriate speed for the road conditions
  • Uses high beams appropriately
  • Drives with correct lane placement at night

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