Adolescents with a history of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at an increased risk of adverse outcomes, including sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), mental health conditions, and car crashes. A new study, conducted by researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, is the first to examine the clinical practices of primary care clinicians as children with ADHD advance through adolescence. Its findings identify opportunities to improve the care of adolescents with a history of ADHD and to develop additional resources and training for clinicians.
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Research into why adolescent drivers are involved in motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of injury and death among 16- to 19-year-olds in the United States, has often focused on driving experience and skills. But a new study suggests that development of the adolescent brain may play a critical role in whether a teenager is more likely to crash.
The study finds that slower growth in the development of working memory is associated with motor vehicle crashes, which points to cognitive development screening as a potential new strategy for identifying and tailoring driving interventions for teens at high risk for crashes.
Autistic adolecents need the support of their parents or guardians to prioritize independence so that they are prepared for learning to drive, according to a study of specialized driving instructors who have worked specifically with young autistic drivers. They also emphasized the need to develop and refine best practices to guide assessment and delivery of highly individualized instruction for autistic adolescents. These findings were compiled by researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and recently published in the journal Autism in Adulthood.
Teen drivers diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are significantly more likely to crash, be issued traffic and moving violations, and engage in risky driving behaviors than their peers without ADHD, according to a Children's Hospital of Philadelphia study published today in the journal Pediatrics.
M. Kit Delgado, MD, MS, an assistant professor of Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and an associate fellow at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), and a team from Penn and CHOP have received a major grant from the Federal Highway Administration, an agency within the US Department of Transportation, to help curb distracted driving. The $2.3 million project, which includes $1.84 million in federal funds in addition to contributed funding from several participating organizations, is one of the largest federally-funded research projects to address driving and cell phone use.
Teens who admit to texting while driving may be convinced to reduce risky cell phone use behind the wheel when presented with financial incentives, such as auto-insurance apps that monitor driving behavior, according to a new survey conducted by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). However, while more than 90 percent of those surveyed said they were willing to give up sending or reading text messages, almost half said they would want to retain some control over phone functions, such as music and navigation. Survey results are published in the journal Traffic Injury Prevention.